Every Roseville homeowner has to think about pest control and prevention at one time or another. While there are many pests that might make their way onto your property or into your house, some of the most obnoxious to deal with are rats. These rodents can be full of diseases, and they also cause property damage. And they are harder to get rid of than insects as you can’t just swat them away.
There are two main kinds of rats that you might encounter as a homeowner. These are brown rats and black rats. Both of these species can cause problems, but knowing which ones you’re dealing with can be helpful as they behave a little differently.
Black rats are also known as roof rats. Here are their characteristics:
- They are long and thin with large eyes and ears.
- They have soft fur that is usually brown with some black in it.
- Their bellies are usually white, grey, or black.
- Tails are longer than their bodies and this is easy to see.
Characteristics of brown rats which are also called common rats or Norway rats.
- Their hair is more bristly.
- They are brown with some black hair.
- Their underside is usually grey to white.
- Their eyes and ears are on the smaller side.
- They have shorter tails that aren’t as long as the length of their bodies.
Some key differences to note are that black rats have larger eyes and ears, longer tails compared to their bodies, and are usually slightly darker in color than brown rats.
Risks And Damage Rats Can Cause
While rats are dirty and aren’t fun to encounter, they are more than just nuisance pests. While some pests might not cause a lot of damage or pose a lot of risks, rats can be a big problem.
Problems of rat infestations include:
- Property damage, as they chew on things like wires, drywall, and furniture.
- Structural damage, as they also chew on things like pipes and flooring.
- Disease spreading, as rats carry illnesses such as dysentery and Hantavirus.
- Allergic reactions that rats cause by their fur and droppings.
On top of all of this, having rats in your home can also cause a secondary infestation of parasites such as fleas and ticks. These hitch a ride on rats and make their way into your home, too. Rats are also problematic because they are more aggressive than mice and might bite if they encounter humans.
How To Prevent Rat Infestations
One of the best ways to avoid the problems that rats can bring is to prevent them from getting inside in the first place. While prevention methods may not be completely effective, they can help keep these pests out. It’s important to note that rats can get into a home in many ways. Black/roof rats often get inside using roofs and chimneys while brown/Norway rats can come inside through pipes and even through toilets. Since rats can get into a home through a hole the size of a quarter, they can be rather difficult to keep out.
However, there are some prevention methods that are helpful, including:
- Keeping food in sealed containers and cleaning up spills.
- Sealing up any cracks or holes around the foundation or walls of your home.
- Lowering the amount of humidity in your home.
- Sealing up chimneys and roofs.
If, however, you have a rat infestation already, despite prevention efforts, the best way to get rid of them is to contact pest control professionals.
Getting Rid of Rat Infestations
While it might seem like a good idea to try to get rid of rats on your own, doing so can be difficult and even dangerous. The professionals at White Line Pest Management are able to eliminate infestations relatively quickly and very effectively. We also use methods that are safe for your family and home. As we only serve the city of Roseville, we can respond quickly to rat infestations or any other pest problem.